Corsica

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Corsica
Corsica is a French island in the Mediterranean Sea. It is located in western Italy, southeast of the French mainland and north of the Italian island of Sardinia. Mountains make up two-thirds of the island, forming a single chain. Before the French annexation, Corsica was under the possession of the Republic of Genoa.

Corsica is one of the 27 regions of France, although it is designated by territorial collectivity (collectivité territoriale) by law. As a territorial collectivity, Corsica has some powers greater than other French regions, but is referred to in current language as a region and is almost always listed the same. Although the island is separated from the mainland by the Ligurian Sea and closer to Italy than the French mainland, politically Corsica is part of metropolitan France.

Corsica is divided into two departments: Haute-Corse and Corse-du-Sud, with its regional capital Ajaccio, of Haute-Corse, is the second largest settlement in Corsica.
Tourism
Ajaccio (Corse-du-Sud) is the region's capital city and was the birthplace of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1769.
Bastia (Haute-Corse) is the thriving main port of the island and is famous for its wines.
Bonifacio (Corse-du-Sud) sits on a limestone peninsula at the southernmost point of Corse and offers stunning views of the Mediterranean.
Calvi (Haute-Corse) is primarily a summer resort and the closest point for boats to mainland France lying southeast of Nice.
Cap Corse (Haute-Corse) is 25-mile (40km) long, yet narrow peninsula in the northern tip of the region.
Castagniccia (Haute-Corse) is a hilly chestnut-covered region east of Corte and is considered the heart of the Corse.
Corte (Haute-Corse) is in the geographical center of Corse and was the chosen capital of the independence leader, Pasquale Paoli from 1755-1769. It is now the seat of Corse's University.
L'île Rousse (Haute-Corse) was founded in 1758 by Pasquale Paoli to create a port that would not be in the hands of the Genoese and is now a major holiday resort and ferry terminal.
Saint Florent (Haute-Corse) is a fishing port located at the base of the northern peninsula and has its share of yachts, wealth and attracts many tourists for its exceptional Mediterranean beaches and the Heritage vineyards.
Piana (Corse-du-Sud) is a pretty village just south of Porto and is reached under granite archways along the corniche (road on a ledge).
Porto-Vecchio (Corse-du-Sud) is a medium-sized port city located on a nice harbor in the southeastern corner of Corsica and the hills to the northwest are part of the natural park.
Gastronomy
From the mountains to the plains and sea, many ingredients play a role. Game such as wild boar (Cingale, Singhjari) is popular. There are also fish and river fish such as trout. Delicacies such as ficatellu (also named as ficateddu), coppa, ham (prizuttu), lonzu are made from Corsican pork (porcu nustrale). Cheeses like brocciu, casgiu merzu, casgiu veghju are made from goat or sheep milk. Chestnuts are the main ingredient in the making of pulenta. A variety of alcohol also exists ranging from aquavita (brandy), red and white Corsican wines (Vinu Corsu), muscat wine (plain or sparkling), and the famous "Cap Corse" apéritif produced by Mattei. Maquis, the brush that grows in the area, is eaten by local animals and grows near certain plants, resulting in the noticeable taste in the food there.
Climate
The climate in Corsica is under the climatic classification of Köppen from the Mediterranean hot summer climate (Csa).
Frost is not usual in coastal areas, but may appear between November and April. The average sea temperature varies from 19 ° C in June and October to 23 ° C in August. The sea is usually too cold to swim between November and May.

In spring or autumn you may feel colder due to the strong wind blowing in the mountains and the coast.

There is an average of 71 hours of sunshine a day. The average sunlight ranges from 4-5 hours a day in winter to 10-12 hours a day in summer. Again, there are usually more clouds in the mountains.

The rainiest months are March, April, October and November. It is usually dry from May to September, especially in cost. Storms are common in the mountains during the summer. In general, the East is more humid than the West. The table below shows the average precipitation in millimeters as well as the number of wet days per month.
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